The energy trilemma in the Baltic Sea Region: a methodology for an index assessing the discursive environment of energy security, energy equity and environmental sustainability

Duration of the project

01.06.2023. - 15.11.2023.

Countries and institutions involved in the project

Rīga Stradiņš University
University of Greifswald

Project manager

Vineta Kleinberga

Aims of the project

The main objective of the project is to present a methodology for the development of an index that allows for a quick comparison of the discursive positions of the countries of the Baltic Sea region in the context of the energy trilemma, and on the basis of which comparative studies can be conducted in the Baltic Sea region. This also makes a significant contribution to practice, insofar as government representatives can gain a quick overview of the positions of the countries in the Baltic Sea region and thus ascertain to what extent there are opportunities for cooperation.

Main activities of the project

  1. Research (venues of both universities, online)
  • Literature review;
  • Conceptualisation of the ETDI;
  • Discourse analysis of selected sources in Latvia and Germany;
  • Development of an open access quantitative ETDI.
  1. Participation in conferences:
  • Conference at the University of Greifswald “Predictable Futures? On the Impact of Fear and Insecurity in the Baltic Sea Region at Greifswald University, June 7-8, 2023 (confirmed).
  • 15th Conference on Baltic Studies in Europe “Turning Points: Values and Conflicting Futures in the Baltics” in Kaunas, Lithuania, June 15-17, 2023 (confirmed).

Outreach activities (venues of both universities, online)

Public events in the frame of the project

the Energy trilemma network, coordinated by the IFZO (online, October 5, 2023 (preliminary date)).

fellow researchers and students (workshops at both universities on October 6, 2023 (preliminary date));

Stakeholders (representations of EU institutions, government agencies, BSR cooperation organizations, NGOs) (discussions at both universities on November 10, 2023 (preliminary date)).

Direct and indirect target group of the project


  • academics/researchers working at the BSR and/or doing a research relevant to BSR and energy trilemma (~500);
  • practitioners working on the issues of development of the BSR, especially regarding energy sufficiency, or communicating about energy challenges in the BSR (~20).


  • fellow researchers/students participating in workshops (~40);
  • students taking part in the research either as research assistants or Erasmus+ interns (~4)

broader public getting acquainted with the research on the website and social media (~1000)